By Andrew D. Evans

Among 1914 and 1918, German anthropologists carried out their paintings in the course of full-scale struggle. The self-discipline used to be quite new in German academia whilst international conflict I broke out, and, as Andrew D. Evans unearths during this illuminating ebook, its improvement used to be profoundly altered by way of the clash. because the battle formed the institutional, ideological, and actual surroundings for anthropological paintings, the self-discipline grew to become its again on its liberal roots and have become a nationalist undertaking essentially keen on clinical stories of race.

Combining highbrow and cultural historical past with the heritage of technology, Anthropology at warfare examines either the origins and results of this shift. Evans locates its roots within the determination to permit scientists entry to prisoner-of-war camps, which triggered them to concentration their learn on racial experiences of the captives. stuck up in wartime nationalism, a brand new iteration of anthropologists started to painting the country’s political enemies as racially assorted. After the conflict ended, the significance put on racial conceptions and different types continued, paving the best way for the politicization of clinical inquiry within the years of the ascendancy of nationwide Socialism.

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"Evans not just deals a proof for the main transition within the background of German anthropology, he additionally offers the main entire background of the self-discipline to be had to this point. Even past this remarkable scholarly paintings, Evans has made a true conceptual contribution to the heritage of technology, correcting the dominant view of the relation among technology and politics." - Matti Bunzl, college of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign"

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With the rise of Rassenkunde, the liberal tradition in German anthropology faded from the scene, replaced by a form of racial science that paralleled the racial ideologies of the National Socialists in the 1930s. By combining the study of anthropological discourse with the highly politicized practical contexts in which wartime science was pursued, this study reveals new perspectives on the history of anthropology as a discipline and the course of racial science in Germany. On the one hand, it demonstrates that the development of German anthropology did not proceed in a straight line to the Nazi racial science of the 1930s, but rather encompassed a variety of strands of anthropological thought that changed over time.

Each year the larger national organization also held an annual conference, which the members of local societies attended. 52 In addition to lectures and scholarly gatherings, the societies often sponsored banquets and parties at which various forms of festivity, especially singing, were common. ” Moreover, the societies commonly organized day trips and excursions, often to archeological sites, as a means of generating interest and strengthening the bonds between members. With the societies as their institutional center, those interested in anthropology became acquainted with one another and established social bonds.

Chapter 5 uses the methods of cultural history to analyze the photography of POWs as a further means of examining how anthropologists constructed the racial and colonial “other” in the context of war. In the camps, anthropologists went to great lengths to capture (and thus define) the racial makeup of the prisoners through the camera lens. In the process, they produced a series of propagandized images that not only Introduction / 19 racialized the enemy, but also emphasized the supposed power and cohesion of the Central Powers and Germany.

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