By Rajendra Singh

South Asia is domestic to a good number of languages and dialects. even though linguists engaged on this sector have made major contributions to our knowing of language, society, and language in society on a world scale, there's as but no well-known overseas discussion board for the trade of principles among linguists engaged on South Asia. the once a year evaluation of South Asian Languages and Linguistics is designed to be simply that discussion board. It brings jointly empirical and theoretical examine and serves as a trying out flooring for the articulation of recent rules and methods that could be grounded in a learn of South Asian languages yet that have common applicability.


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However, substantivist research, of which biaxial syntax is one strand, has proposed that "an irregnlar form bearing a syntactically siguificant featore freely alternates with a regnlar form only if a less general Word Formation Strategy [a device for formalizing certain paradigmatic associations] supports the irregnlar altemant" (Dasgupta 2009: II). This may not be the last word, but the evidence available suggests that the paradigmatic axis combines some formally precise characteristics with arbitrariness, vagueness, and free- floating patterns.

4. Words and their associates This conceptual section presents a model that helps make sense of certain phenomena highlighted in section 2. 9 biaxial syntax, distributes descriptive tasks over the paradigmatic and syntagmatic axes; hence the label. We refer readers to Dasgupta (2010, 20llb) for basic architectoral features and to Dasgupta, Ford & Singh (2000) and Dasgupta (20lla) for conceptoal foundations 12 • Under biaxial assumptions, what makes words paradigmatically special is their associates.

Compositionality must be playing markedly different games in composite verbs and in compound verbs for these accounts to have looked valid to the generative eye. Lexical forces, however, act on all bilexemics. Even M. Dasgupta (1990: 3) begins with the point that "a Composite V of[the] type [represented by her (13)-(15)] must have a lexical entry" in contrast to their transformationally derived congeners. Do the lexical entries of V V compound verbs and X V composite verbs have a shared set of 'bilexemic verb' properties meriting independent characterization?

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