By Susheng Gan
The clinical and fiscal importance of plant senescence signifies that a lot attempt has been made to appreciate the strategies concerned and to plan technique of manipulating them agriculturally. up to now few years there was massive development during this regard, specifically within the molecular, genetic and genomic points. Senescence has a major impression on agriculture. for instance, leaf senescence limits crop yield and biomass construction, and contributes considerably to postharvest loss in vegetable and decorative plants in the course of transportation, garage and on cabinets. additionally, proteins, antioxidants and different dietary compounds are degraded in the course of senescence. Senescing tissues additionally turn into extra vulnerable to pathogen an infection, and a few of the pathogens could produce pollutants, rendering meals hazardous. Mitotic senescence can also ensure sizes of leaves, culmination and full vegetation.
This quantity summarizes fresh progresses within the body structure, biochemistry, telephone biology, molecular biology, genomics, proteomics, and biotechnology of plant senescence. starting with a bankruptcy on senescence-related terminology and our present wisdom of mitotic senescence in crops (a much less well-studied area), the e-book specializes in post-mitotic senescence, and comprises chapters addressing the senescence of leaves, vegetation and culmination. Later chapters research the improvement of assorted new biotechnologies for manipulating the senescence tactics of fruit and leaves, a few of that are forthcoming commercialization. The booklet is directed at researchers and pros in plant molecular genetics, body structure and biochemistry.
Read Online or Download Senescence Processes in Plants (Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 26) PDF
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Extra resources for Senescence Processes in Plants (Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 26)
The importance of chl breakdown is corroborated by the analysis of respective mutants. , 2003). In acd2-2, RCC accumulates during senescence, and contents of RCC have been shown to correlate with the progression of cell death (A. Pruˇzinsk´a and S. H¨ortensteiner, unpublished). , 2004). Thus it remains to be shown whether in vivo RCC and/or proto IX is responsible for the lesion mimic phenotype of acd2. Nevertheless, removal of potentially phototoxic chl intermediates appears to be crucial for plant survival.
1998). , 1995). Telomere shortening in the SAM is likely trivial because the meristem cells, like stem cells in animals, possess telomerase activity. , 1999). 9. The AtTERT protein contains the conserved reverse transcriptase motifs 1, 2 and A-E as well as the TERT-speciﬁc T motif. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis and an assay of telomerase activity revealed that both AtTERT mRNA and telomerase activity are abundant in the SAM but are not detectable in rosette leaves. However, it should be noted that no detailed analysis of changes in telomere length in young versus senescent SAM has been reported, perhaps due to technical difﬁculties in collecting enough meristem tissues for analysis.
E. it mediates an efﬁcient interaction between Fd and RCC (still bound to PAO), thereby enabling a fast, regio- and stereoselective reduction at C1 (Kr¨autler, 2003; H¨ortensteiner, 2004). , 2001). Indeed, RCC accumulates during senescence in acd2-2 (A. Pruˇzinsk´a and S. H¨ortensteiner, unpublished). , 2005) and Rccr expression is rather constant throughout plant development and under stress conditions (S. H¨ortensteiner, unpublished). , 2004), but their roles in these tissues have not been elucidated.