By Edited by Yasutami Shimomura Edited by Machiko Nissanke

Via comparative experiences of aid-supported infrastructure tasks in East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, the e-book examines how relief may support improvement methods via facilitating improvement of neighborhood endogenous associations.

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This has secured the sustainability of full-scale technology transfer mechanisms and tri-party trust developed among Japanese professionals, Indonesian government employees assigned to the Brantas Plan and local inhabitants in the Brantas basin. Chapter 7, by Kazuto Tsuji, presents a detailed comparative analysis of the Brantas River Basin Development Plan in Indonesia and the Kilimanjaro Agriculture Development Programme in Tanzania. As detailed in Chapter 6, the former, supported by Japan’s financial and technical assistance, successfully delivered not only individual projects’ outcomes, but also institutional evolution, policy improvement and endogenous human resource enhancement, which enabled rolling-out to other areas beyond the Brantas River Basin.

It is conjectured here that the presence of several critical conditions is necessary for achieving endogenous institutional evolution through aid-funded infrastructure projects. In our view, the dearth of these conditions for aid-funded infrastructural projects in Sub-Saharan Africa could explain the differences between the two regions in this regard. These conditions are: 1. Long-term commitment by local stakeholders on the recipient side. This is vital for the sustainability of infrastructure services, which should manifest itself in political will by leaders and successive governments to commit to sustainable quality infrastructure services within home-grown long-term development plans and visions.

ODA towards economic infrastructure and water-related infrastructure, provided by 22 Machiko Nissanke and Yasutami Shimomura both bilateral and multilateral sources, accounted for two thirds of infrastructure financing in East Asia throughout the years of rapid economic growth. Therefore, public goods provision in economic infrastructure has been consistently higher in East Asia than in other developing areas. The contrast is sharpest between East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, as all the figures presented in this section demonstrate.

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