By Thomas Benjamin

Chiapas, a nation in southern Mexico, burst into foreign information in January 1994. numerous thousand insurgents, given a voice within the communiques of Subcomandante Marcos, took keep watch over of the capital and different key cities and held the Mexican military and executive at bay for weeks. Proclaiming themselves the Zapatista military of nationwide Liberation, they captured either land and headlines. all over the world, humans desired to recognize the reply to at least one query: why had revolutionaries taken over a Mexican country? No different learn of Chiapas solutions that query as completely as does this booklet. The rebellion and government's armed profession of the country are however the newest violent episodes in a quarter that's now and has regularly been a wealthy land labored by way of negative humans. through learning the impoverishment of the laboring classification in Chiapas, Benjamin addresses how the Chiapan elite survived the Revolution of 1910 and stay in command of the state's improvement and future. extra in actual fact than an individual else, Benjamin exhibits in his new ultimate bankruptcy that the modern agrarian rebellion is the legacy of Chiapan underdevelopment.

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45 46 Governor Rabasa's appointments of new jefes polÃ−ticos, customs officials, judges, tax collectors, and even office workers also encountered resistance. Within two months of assuming office, Rabasa persuaded DÃ−az to replace customs officials and military officers in Tapachula and Tonalá who were Escobar loyalists. Rabasa's new jefe polÃ−itico for Soconusco, Manuel Figuerro of Oaxaca, was appointed without the traditional consultation with the Soconusense cacique. After several conflicts between Escobar's municipal president and Rabasa's jefe polÃ−tico, Es < previous page  < previous page page_43 next page > page_44 next page > Page 44 cobar demanded that DÃ−az remove Figuerro.

Plantations of only 250 hectares could gross as much as $75,000 to $100,000  < previous page  < previous page page_38 next page > page_39 next page > Page 39 a year. In 1892 there were twenty-six large coffee plantations in Soconusco. 6 The best coffee lands in Soconusco were purchased in the early 1890s, but coffee production continued to spread to other parts of Chiapas. The departments of Tuxtla, Palenque, Simojovel, and Mezcalapa became important producers, and by the end of the decade coffee production took place in nearly every municipality of the state.

This rapidly led to the triumph of the Liberal armies by the spring of 1867, the execution of Emperor Maximilian, and the victory of Liberalism and republicanism in Mexico. The struggle in Chiapas was less protracted during the War of the French Intervention. In order to help defend Mexico from the French invasion, in May 1862 the government of Chiapas organized and dispatched to central Mexico the 550-man Battalion "Chiapas," which was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel José Pantaleón DomÃ−nguez, chief of the state's National Guard.

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