By Gregg Henriques
Quandary approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't new, yet there has for the prior decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to look for methods to unify the discipline.
A New Unified thought of Psychology introduces a brand new method that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the recent thought comprises 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and gives a transparent solution to unify many of the parts of the sector. The unified thought offers the sector of psychology with a well-defined subject material, permitting either educational psychologists could be in a position to increase a shared language and conceptual foundation.
From the reviews:
"...the writer takes at the super bold problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its kin with different sciences, making a choice on its key theoretical rules, and resolving its a variety of schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technological know-how, animal/human, bewildering array of likely nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has an excellent skill to explain, research, and summarize in a number of pages significant and complex parts of analysis (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral types of depression.......) with out getting slowed down in learn details...I in particular loved the extra own info and anecdotes the publication layout gave him the gap to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he was once overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad college. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as element of departure distinctive research of what he saw as undertaking director for a medical trial of cognitive remedy in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released record of the study...All instructed, it's now not gentle analyzing, but when you get pleasure from wondering tremendous photograph themes you will discover loads of meals for notion here." (Dave Haaga, American college, September 2011)
"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined by way of incompatible competing colleges of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technological know-how, simply because there's no experience within which every one iteration of researchers builds upon the middle analytical insights of prior generations of researchers… This booklet is written for scientific and study psychologists, and for that reason avoids this kind of mathematical version construction and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it really is virtually very unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists contemplate psychology to be a conception of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the suggestion of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. therefore, Henriques takes his first target to be that of "locating" the sector ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of information with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied via physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied via biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that's the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied via the social sciences. Henriques will pay specific awareness to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of information. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled via organic evolutionary idea, the Life-Mind junction is modeled by means of what he calls Behavioral funding conception, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled via what he calls Justification thought. by means of Behavioral funding thought, Henriques skill basically the rational selection version of selection, organic and fiscal concept, even if he provides a measurement of complexity to human habit via asserting that Justification concept calls for a "rational emotional actor" that isn't safely modeled in average rational selection conception (p., 46). i would upload that Henriques additionally contains online game thought as a part of Behavioral funding conception, just because decision-making while there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This viewpoint is simple to financial thought. In biology, the extension of choice concept (e.g., foraging concept) to online game thought used to be pioneered via John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge collage Press, 1982), and now could be commonplace in all of animal habit thought. In Henriques' cutting edge terminology, social interactions are ruled by way of an "Influence Matrix," that is a part of the psychology of the person that regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional facet of such interplay and avoids all video game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the position of incentives and payoffs within the collection of behaviors ruled by way of the effect Matrix… i think Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding thought is crucial integrating thought during this e-book. If this precept on my own have been integrated uniformly all through learn psychology, it's going to offer a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified thought of Psychology is terrifically demanding, to the purpose of maybe being a brand new starting for psychology as a examine discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and valuable eu college, September 2011)
“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places diversified components of mental study and perform right into a coherent courting with one another. … it's also necessary that the e-book has very good transitions, with summaries often reminding the readers the place they've been and expecting the place they're going. … If i'll educate a graduate-level advent to Psychology, this is able to be the e-book. If i'll suggest one e-book to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sector, this may be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)
From the again Cover
Following the loss of life of the so-called grand theories provided through luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sector of psychology principally gave up its early aspirations to color a wide photo of the human situation, and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The outcome has been a proliferation of fascinating findings without actual ability to reply to great questions or to generate a shared basic figuring out of the human . This booklet seeks to alter the established order and gives up a brand new unified thought of psychology that redefines the technology and the career and paints a brand new photograph of human nature within the procedure.
A New Unified thought of Psychology
“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mix of sweeping scope and ambitious micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this situation, any critical attempt to supply integration and team spirit inside mental wisdom and knowing is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard isn't just severe, yet essentially the most cogent, scholarly, subtle, superbly reasoned, truly articulated, and accessibly written displays of a unified idea in psychology that i've got noticeable in my 50 years within the discipline.”
Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University
“As the sphere of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous publication represents a noble quest to supply a extensive, values-based, and medical framework which holds the facility to prepare our paintings and stream us ahead in robust, new ways.”
Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, college of North Carolina-Charlotte
“In this very formidable ebook, Henriques makes a robust case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental study and thought. even supposing diversified readers will most probably make diversified judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold that could maybe encourage psychologists to appear outdoor the slim confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to the best way to deal with the entire diversity of human habit and experience.”
Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY
“Concise, erudite, and functional, this publication is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver earlier fragmented domain names of data to a consilient framework, in order to enable multi-disciplinary discourse and medical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend a while familiarizing themselves with the innovations and proposals provided during this seminal quantity via a number one scholar.”
Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,
Read or Download A New Unified Theory of Psychology PDF
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Additional resources for A New Unified Theory of Psychology
Psychology’s Philosophical Woes What led Koch to such a powerfully negative conclusion regarding the possibility of a unified, scientific psychology? There are a multitude of reasons, in addition to a naïve reliance on scientific methodology. The subsequent sections provide a brief review of five major problem domains identified by critics like Koch and many others. These are (1) problems of definition and subject matter; (2) problems in the philosophy of mind, brain, and behavior; (3) problems of epistemology, mission, and values; (4) problems of disconnected domains of causality; and (5) problems of proliferation.
Is the primary task of psychology to uncover the laws of human and animal behavior or to promote human betterment? Is the better way of understanding the human change processes associated with psychotherapy through case study in rich detail or randomized controlled clinical trials with clearly defined disorders and treatment manuals? Some of the most philosophically vexing problems have been between those who embrace a relatively more scientific versus humanistic vision of the discipline. Problems of Epistemology, Mission, and Values 35 Early in the twentieth century, Vygotsky argued that the multiplicity of psychologies fell into two broad categories, one natural-scientific and the other descriptivephenomenological (Cahan & White, 1992).
Leahey (2003) noted that psychology was historically founded on three distinct subject matters: (1) consciousness by structuralists like Wundt and Tichener; (2) unconsciousness by psychoanalysts like Freud and Jung; and (3) adaptation by functionalists like Spencer and James. Shortly after the turn of the century, Watson (1913) rejected each of these perspectives and argued that a fourth subject matter, behavior, was the proper subject matter of psychology. As behaviorism 32 2 The Problem of Psychology gained prominence in America, the subject matter of psychology came to center on animal behavior, a fact well expressed by Tolman in his 1937 APA Presidential Address, when he remarked: [E]verything important in psychology (except such matters as the building up of a superego, that is everything save such matters as involve society and words) can be investigated in essence through the continued experimentation and theoretical analysis of the determiners of rat behavior at a choice point in a maze.