By Majid Fakhry

The 1st accomplished survey of Islamic philosophy from the 7th century to the current, this vintage discusses Islamic idea and its impression at the cultural features of Muslim existence. Fakhry exhibits how Islamic philosophy has from the earliest occasions a particular line of improvement, which supplies it the harmony and continuity which are the marks of the nice highbrow routine of heritage. (Fall 2006)

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Lsbaq translated this book into Syriac. Themistius also commented on Book L, and Abo Bishr Matta translated it in Themistius's Commentary. Shamlr also translated it, and lsbaq b. I;:Iunain translated a number of other books as well. Syrianus commented on Book B, which has been done into Arabic and I have seen it in Yabia b. 75 From this statement it appears that the Arabs were in possession of twelve76 out of the fourteen books of the Metaphysics by the middle of the ninth century, and that, in addition, a number of Greek commentaries upon it were also available to them in Arabic.

8 f. 13 Ibn Juljul, Tabaqat al-Atibba', p. 61; Ibn ai-'IbrT, Mukhta~ar, p. ; al-Fihrist, p. 7; al-QiftT, Tankh a[-ljukama', p. 334 f. 10 6 THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT Of major importance to the history of translation was the contribution made in the next five decades by 'Abdullah b. al-Muqaffa', a Persian convert from Zoroastrianism, who died a violent death in 757· To him we owe the translation into Arabic from Pahlevi of the fables of the Indian sage Bidpai, known as Kalilah wa Dimnah, a literary classic which continues even now to be regarded as a model of Arabic prose.

Many of the translators of Greek works, such as his son lsl;laq, Ibn al-Bitriq, and others, are said to have submitted their translations to him for correction or revision. Moreover, he composed a number of original scientific and philosophical works, which compel us to look upon this remarkable scholar as more than a simple dragoman of Greek learning. 56 The other great translators included Ibn Na'imah al-l:Iim$i (d. 835), Abn Bishr Matta (d. 940), Yahia b. 'Adi (d. 974), Qusta b. Lnqa (d. 9oo), Abn 'Uthman al-Dimashqi (d.

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